EFFECT OF EARLY EDUCATION ON INFANTí»S INTELLECTUAL DEVELOPMENT IN FANG ZHUANG COMMUNITY

Bao X-L1 , Li L-X2, Gu Y2

1 Peking Union Medical Hospital, Beijing, China

2 Capital Medical University, Beijing, China

 

Objective: To study the effect of early education on infantí»s intellectual development in urban communities.

Methods: Seventy-seven normal newborn infants born in Fang Zhuang Community from July 1997 to Jan. 1998 were set as the early education group. Ninety-four healthy infants with conventional care who were born in the same community from July to Dec. 1996 were set as the control group. Parents were taught to carry out the early educational program beginning from the newborn period, which included motor, cognitive, speech development and social behavior.  At the age of two, all infants in the two groups received CDCC tests (Bayley Scale modified by the Child Development Center of China).

Results: There were no significant differences in physical development, cultural and social factors among the two groups. The average mental development index (MDI) and psychomotor mental development index (PDI) in the early educational group were 14.4 and 23.7 higher than those in the control group respectively. There were 50 infants (64.9%) with MDI íŢ120 (excellent and superexcellent) in the early educational group while 5 infants (5.3%) in the control group.

Conclusions: Early education beginning from newborn infants is effective and feasible in urban communities.

 
1006