Rangadhar Sutar

Capital Hospital, Bhubaneswar, ORISSA, INDIA


       Convulsive disease among children from very birth to adolescence are seen to be problemtic almost throughout the world. The convulsion originate from the deranged brain tissue which are prepared in the child after its conception in mother's womb or subsequently due to other factors after birth. Some of the still birth, 4 to 5% of the total still birth are thought to be due to deranged brain tissue of the child. From the statistics it is seen that the convulsion disorder are more in children in developing country than developed countries. From the total population, 71-978/1,00,000 in India and 400-1000/1,00,000 in the world are shown convulsive disorders. Generally 5 % of the population felt convulsion in life. 1.2% cumulative incidence   of convulsion are seen among children. In India it is estimated that among 5 convulsive children, two children are due to hereditary (gene) or pregnancy infection and two are associated with fever (febrile convulsion) and one child shown convulsive symptoms due to effects of some diseases like head injury, malaria, meningitis, diarrhoea etc.